July 25, 2021

In Moldova, a parliament in unison with the president, Maia Sandu

Moldovan voters resolutely entrusted their country to the resolutely pro-European party of young President Maia Sandu on Sunday 11 July. The results, not yet final, are based on the counting of 99% of the polling stations. The Action and Solidarity Party (PAS) thus won 52.44% of the vote, a historic score for a Moldovan party. Informal projections give it between 60 and 63 out of 101 seats in Parliament. That is a very comfortable majority, allowing Maia Sandu to form a government in her hand, eight months after her election to the presidency.

Read the portrait: Maia Sandu, the new face of Moldova

With 28% of the vote and 32 seats, the Communist and Socialist Electoral Bloc (BECS, pro-Russian) loses the majority. Led by the previous president, Igor Dodon, the great left alliance will no longer be able, as it has done so far, to block the reforms promised by Maia Sandu. The latter had in April dissolved the parliament in order to provoke the early legislative elections on Sunday and reshuffle the cards. His party, the PAS, had only 15 deputies in the outgoing Parliament, against 54 for Igor Dodon (including the BECS and its allies).

The 5% mark required to sit in the Moldovan Parliament is narrowly crossed by Shor, a 3e and last party, which would thus obtain 7 or 8 seats. Led by former oligarch Ilan Shor, the party, which bears his last name, misses its goal of being in a position to arbitrate between the country’s two main parties. The 18 other participating parties remain excluded from Parliament.

Former satellite of the USSR landlocked between Ukraine and Romania, Moldova remains one of the poorest states in Europe. The alternative between integration into the European Union (EU) and staying in the Russian sphere of influence remains the main divide for the country’s 2.6 million inhabitants.

Anti-corruption crossroads

“I hope today marks the end of a difficult era for Moldova. I hope that this day will mark the end of the reign of thieves over Moldova ”, Maia Sandu reacted on her Facebook page, shortly after the first estimates indicated the large victory of her party.

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The only downside: a lower turnout (48%) than in the second round of the presidential election last November (53%). “This decrease suggests a concern for the political program of the president”, judges political scientist Vlad Lupan. Created in 2016, the Action and Solidarity party “Is not supported by oligarchic groups”, who have largely controlled political life for thirty years, he observes.

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