One third of Chad’s population, or 5.5 million people, has “Urgent humanitarian aid”, said Friday, June 4 the UN, which urges the international community to quickly release additional funds for the most vulnerable.
This poor state in Central Africa and almost entirely located in the Sahelian strip “Faces three humanitarian crises”, alarmed the UN in Chad and the government of this country in a joint statement: 4.6 million people are in a situation of food insecurity, including 4 million children under 5 years old, 1.7 million do not have regular access to health services.
In addition, Chad is home to a million displaced persons and refugees: more than 500,000 refugees from neighboring Sudan, Central African Republic and Nigeria, most of them in the country for more than ten years, in addition to 460,000 internally displaced persons.
N’Djamena and the UN on Friday launched a Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for 2021 of $ 617.5 million, 13% more than in 2020. Less than $ 50 million has been paid to date by the international community, or only 8% of needs.
Nutrition, health, housing, education
“We urgently need more funds”, says the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), for rapid interventions, particularly in the areas of nutrition, health, shelter and education.
This appeal is launched while Chad is under surveillance by the international community which has not taken any sanctions since a military junta took over from President Idriss Déby Itno a month and a half ago, killed at the front against rebels. in April after thirty years of power.
Mahamat Idriss Déby, son of the late president, took the head of a Transitional Military Council (CMT) and immediately dissolved the government and parliament, repealed the constitution, while promising elections “Free and democratic” at the end of a period of eighteen months renewable once. The African Union and the European Union have demanded a transition limited to eighteen months which leads to new inclusive and credible elections.